--Combat Vic & Infantry Squad Formations


5-109. The principles of METT-TC guide the leader in selecting formations for combat vehicles and Infantry. The same principles for selecting combat formations with Infantry Soldiers apply when selecting combat formations for combat vehicles moving with Infantry Soldiers. The platoon leader can employ the fundamental column, line, echelon, vee, and wedge formations for combat vehicles to meet the needs of his mission. The column, line, echelon, vee, and wedge are fundamental combat formations for combat vehicles. After the leader combines the mounted and Infantry elements into one combat formation, it is his responsibility to ensure proper communication and fire control measures are implemented to maximize lethality and prevent fratricide.

5-110. After selecting the combat formations for combat vehicles and Infantry, the leader can decide whether to lead with combat vehicles, Infantry Soldiers, or a combination of the two. The default technique is to lead with Infantry Soldiers.


5-111. Infantry Soldiers are better suited for leading combat formations (see figure 5-12) when—

  • A route leads through restrictive urban or rural terrain.
  • Stealth is desired.
  • Enemy antitank minefields are templated.
  • Enemy antitank teams are templated.
Lead with Infantry squad

Figure 5-12. Lead with Infantry squad

Note. Tanks fire high-velocity, armor-piercing, discarding sabot rounds that pose hazards to Infantry. Dismounted Soldiers should be at 300 meters to the left or right of the line of fire and at least 1300 meters to the front of a firing tank. Any Infantry within this danger area must have adequate cover as defined in Department of the Army Pamphlet 385-63 from the rear.



5-112. Infantry leaders may choose to lead with tanks (see figure 5-13) when─

  • There is an armored or tank threat.
  • Moving through open terrain with limited cover or concealment.
  • There is a confirmed enemy location/direction.
  • There are templated enemy antipersonnel minefields.
Lead with tanks

Figure 5-13. Lead with tanks

Note. The exhaust from an M1-series tank may reach more than 1700-degrees. Dismounted Soldiers following behind the tank must position themselves either to the side of the exhaust grill or, if they are directly behind the vehicle, at a safe distance away. Exhaust shield will overcome this problem. The shield is a critical element in tanks recovering other tanks, so they should be readily available in the tank platoons. Consideration should be given to fabricating enough for all tanks as a leader will not know when he will be working with the Infantry



5-113. Infantry leaders may choose to centrally locate the tanks in their formation (see figure 5-14) when─

  • Flexibility if desired.
  • The enemy location is unknown.
  • There is a high threat of dismounted enemy antitank teams.
  • The ability to mass the fires of the combat vehicles quickly in all directions is desired.
Lead with both tanks and Infantry squad

Figure 5-14. Lead with both tanks and Infantry squad

Edited by MAJ J.LaFlash