--Movement During Limited Visibility


5-152. At night or when visibility is poor, a platoon must be able to function in the same way as during daylight. It must be able to control, navigate, and maintain security, move, and stalk at night or during limited visibility.


5-153. When visibility is poor, the following methods aid in control─

  • Use of night vision devices.
  • Infrared chemical lights.
  • Leaders move closer to the front.
  • The platoon reduces speed.
  • Soldiers use two small strips of luminous tape on the rear of their helmet, allowing Soldiers behind them to see them from the rear.
  • Leaders reduce the interval between Soldiers and units to make sure they can see each other.
  • Leaders conduct headcounts at regular intervals and after each halt to ensure personnel accountability.
A Soldier uses his night vision goggles while on night patrol.

A Soldier uses his night vision goggles while on night patrol.


5-154. To assist in navigation during limited visibility, leaders use─

  • Terrain association (general direction of travel coupled with recognition of prominent map and ground features).
  • Dead reckoning, compass direction and specific distances or legs. (At the end of each leg, leaders should verify their location.)
  • Movement routes that parallel identifiable terrain features.
  • Guides or marked routes.
  • Mission Command Systems.

Security at Night

5-155. For stealth and security in night moves, squads and platoons─

  • Designate a point man to maintain alertness, the lead team leader to navigate, and a pace man to count the distance traveled. Alternate compass and pace men are designated.
  • Ensure good noise and light discipline.
  • Use radio-listening silence.
  • Camouflage Soldiers and equipment.
  • Use terrain to avoid detection by enemy surveillance or night vision devices
  • Make frequent listening halts.
  • Mask the sounds of movement with artillery fires.