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    About SPC B.Perez

    • Birthday 12/08/1999

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    1. The USMC Reserve was established on August 29th, 1916 with the Naval Appropriations Act of 1916. With America’s involvement in the Great War likely, President Woodrow Wilson sought to create a centralized national reserve force to replace the state naval militias that had existed prior as far back as the Civil War. Rapid growth was seen, with over six thousand reservists in service by the end of 1918, including 300 women. Marine Reserve units had integrated with both ground and aviation elements during the war, helping turn the tide. U.S. Marine Lt. Gen. Karl S. Day, a junior officer at the time, spoke highly of the integration of Reserve Marines: “Nobody gave a damn and few, if any, knew who were regulars, temporaries, duration reserves, what have you.” After the First World War, however, most of the force had been demobilized until the late ‘20s when political support had allowed the Reserves to better organize, administrate and maintain itself. By 1930, over 10,000 Marines were in the Reserve organized into 18 battalions, this growth all the more notable due to the lack of pay during the Depression years as many were quite loyal to the Corps. When the US entered the Second World War with the bombing of Pearl Harbor, there was a massive swell of Marine reservists integrated into regular forces, necessary for the Pacific campaign. Of the 589,852 Marines to serve during World War II, approximately 70 percent were Reserves. Marine reservists had endured harsh climates, limited supplies, and fanatical Japanese forces in the island campaigns. They performed well, with 44 of the 82 Marine Medals of Honor during WW2 being awarded to Reservists. One such Marine included the aviator Gregory “Pappy” Boyington, the Marine Corps’ Ace of Aces. He was squadron leader of the Black Sheep, VMF-214, and had shot down 26 planes during the course of the war. After the end of the Second World War, the Reserves had seen another demobilization until the Korean war, when reservists had again provided seamless reinforcement into active units, giving needed aid to the fight and providing exemplary service, with thirteen Medals of Honor being awarded and every third aviation combat mission being flown by either a Naval or Marine aviator reservist. During the ‘50s and ‘60s, several training and organizational changes were made which gave over 200 occupational specialties and allowed the deployment of whole battalions, regiments, squadrons, and even divisions/wings instead of smaller integration units. While the Marine Reserve was not deployed to Vietnam despite the draft, several hundred Reserve Officers did volunteer for service, including the first combat artist in Vietnam. On the home front Marine Reservists helped by fundraising over $784,000 to buy tools, clothing, school and medical supplies for hearts and minds campaigns in Vietnam. Now, the Marine Forces Reserve has become the largest command in terms of personnel in the Corps, having organized themselves to mirror the Active Duty structure and supporting combat operations in both the Gulf War and the War on Terror. Every Reserve unit at the battalion and squadron level has deployed at least once during this time, and have also assisted in theater security cooperation, counter-narcotics, and crisis response operations around the globe. Bringing with them their civilian skills and education to the table, Marine Reservists will “Augment, Reinforce, and Support” their nation in times of war and emergency, as those of their past generations have done before.
    2. Memorial Day

      Memorial Day is celebrated on the last Monday of May every year, in remembrance of those who have died serving the United States Military. While its exact origins are not known, it was started sometime after the Civil War when Americans across the country started to independently give tribute to the sacrifice of those who served, decorating their graves and giving prayers. In 1868 General John A. Logan proclaimed that May 30th would be “Decoration Day”, which would soon evolve into Memorial Day, earning status as a federal holiday in 1971. The total number of American soldiers who have died in war is over a million, the most deadly conflicts being the American Civil War (620,000-750,000 dead), both World Wars (116,516 and 405,399), the Vietnam War (58,209) and the Korean War (36,516). In the three day Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War, both sides had a combined amount of casualties of 51,000 with 7,000 dead. In World War I, the Meuse–Argonne offensive was the final Allied push which ended the war, but claimed the lives of 22,277 American expeditionary troops. In the invasion of Normandy, 2,500 American servicemen died in one day. In Vietnam, 12,000 of the American soldiers who died were draftees. In the forgotten war of Korea, the aptly named Battle of Bloody Ridge resulted in the loss of 2,600 American lives. Those may just be statistics, but each number had ascribed to it a name and a family like you or I, cut short by conflict in the preservation of the nation and her interests. Soldiers faced many deadly challenges throughout the years of conflict, beyond combat with the enemy. These included starvation and exhaustion, disease, and environmental exposure. Memorial Day is the unofficial start of summer in the United States, with the weekend being taken up by family barbeques and stores sales, take a minute of the day to remember those took up arms, and gave their lives. If you wish, you can look here to see some of those faces of the 6,840 killed in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.
    3. The Seabees Celebrate Their 79th Birthday The US Navy Seabees are a group of enlisted and commissioned members of the military designated with the duties of constructing military bases and infrastructure. In the years leading up to America’s involvement in WWII, the US Navy had primarily used civilian contractors for construction. However, due to international law these civilian contractors were not allowed to defend themselves, lest they be considered guerillas and allowed to be summarily executed by the enemy. With the need of having naval construction capabilities, particularly in the Pacific theater which consisted of mainly remote islands, in December of 1941, Rear Admiral Ben Moreell requested the ability to form a special unit to assist Navy and Marine operations. In January 1942 this unit was organized into Construction Battalions (known as “CBs”) of enlisted tradesmen, builders, and equipment operators which could defend themselves. By March 5, 1942, the Department of the Navy officially named these men the “Seabees”. In WWII, the Seabees served in over 400 locations across multiple theaters of war, with 325,000 men serving with about 60 different trade skills among them. After WWII, they were disbanded due to demobilization, but by the Korean War they were reactivated from their original home base of Davisville, Rhode Island. They assisted in amphibious construction operations as well as developing and maintaining airfields, defending what they build. In Vietnam, they provided not only military construction but also humanitarian efforts. On June 9th, 1965, CM3 Marvin G. Shields became the first and only Seabee who was awarded the Medal of Honor for fighting alongside special forces in defense of the unfinished Army Special Forces Camp in Dong Xoai. It was awarded posthumously, as he died of his multiple injuries during the evacuation. Seabees also served in other parts of the world, expanding and strengthening America’s power and influence. More recently, they’ve also served during the Global War on Terror, building and repairing airfields, bridges, and camps in Kuwait, Afghanistan, and Iraq. With their “Can Do!” attitude, the Seabees are ready to deploy anywhere around the world to assist in construction and humanitarian efforts, abiding by their motto they’ve had since their creation: "Construimus, Batuimus," We Build, We Fight.
    4. Congratulations to the soldiers of Combat Lifesaver Course class 20-02 (ARMA3) for the successful completion of Combat Lifesaver training! The Combat Lifesaver Course is the official medical training course conducted by the US Army, intended to provide an intermediate step between the buddy aid-style basic life support taught to every soldier. The combat lifesaver is primarily responsible for providing emergency medical treatment at the point of wounding on the battlefield, limited primary care, and health protection and evacuation from a point of injury or illness. Graduates: Specialist Ryan LeFaivre Private First Class Jake Searer Private Second Class Alexander Vandle Private Second Class Kadeem Dawkins Instructors: Warrant Officer 1 Rob Paxton Corporal Steve Klein Specialist Giancarlo Orsini Private First Class Hazel McMahon
    5. United States Coast Guard Reserves’ Birthday Today marks the 80th birthday of the USCGR. Originally established in June 1939 as a civilian all-volunteer reserve, on February 19th 1941 with the passage of the “Coast Guard Reserve and Auxiliary Act” created both the USCGR and the USCG Auxiliary, with the former becoming a paid military reserve force. The USCGR is under the direction of the Commandant of the Coast Guard, through the Assistant Commandant of the Reserve. Sharing the same mission as the active duty coast guard, they help protect the maritime borders of the United States, from security, interdiction, and law enforcement to search and rescue, marine safety, and navigation assistance During WWII, USCGR personnel outnumbered regular active duty USCG members by five to one. These “regular reservists” served alongside the regular guardsmen, manning Coast Guard and Navy ships and taking part in wartime operations including being coxswains for invasion landing craft, seeing combat in Iwo Jima, Guam, Normandy, and North Africa. Throughout the Cold War, USCGR participated in both the Korean and Vietnam wars, with 1,600 actively serving in the former and 8,000 in the latter. In October of 1972, USCGR members were given the duty to assist in peacetime operations, primarily after natural disasters or accidents. They took part in multiple rescues during flooding in Mississippi and Ohio, including flooding in the Red River and the Mariel Boatlift of 1980, as well as various maritime accidents. During this time, reservists were used more and more to augment regular Coast Guard units, leading to the concept of “Team Coast Guard” in which the old reserve units were disbanded and integrated into normal active duty units. Currently, there are over 6,000 Coast Guard Reserves, who have helped in saving lives from hurricanes, flooding, oil spills, and other disasters, including Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Sandy, Deepwater Horizon, the Valdez oil spill, and even assisting Haiti after the 2010 earthquake. Along with this they help secure and protect America’s maritime borders, and maintain a constant state of readiness with a highly skilled and adaptable workforce.
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